Bunion deformity or hallux valgus

A bunion, also known as hallux valgus, is a protrusion of soft tissue and bone at the base of the great toe.
It frequently leads to a forefoot deformity, and there is a genetic link to its development. Interestingly, the size of the bunion does not determine the degree of pain.


A mild bunion deformity that is not painful or interfere with footwear may not require any specific treatment.
However, treatment is offered to patients with painful bunions.
Minor adjustments in footwear and anti‐inflammatory medication may be all that is required. If conservative treatment is unsuccessful surgery may be offered.


A range of surgical options is possible depending on the exact type and degree of deformity. As much as possible we prefer less invasive or percutaneous (pinholes incisions) methods.


However some deformities cannot reliably and durably be addressed by these means and require open approaches.

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